The Department of Archaeology was established in the University of Malakand in 2011. The department offers regular 2 years Master of Arts in Archaeology. Archaeology is the scientific study of past human culture and behaviour from the origin of human to the present. It studies past human behaviour through the examination of material remains of previous human societies. Archaeology is a discipline that involves observation, exploration, excavation, recording, preservation, conservation and reconstruction of the human past.
The Department of Archaeology was established in University of Malakand in 2017. The department offers BS (4- Year) program in archaeology. Archaeologically, culturally and historically, Malakand division is one of the most important and beautiful regions of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. It is further divided into Chitral, Dir Upper, Dir Lower, Swat, Buner and Shangla. It is important to mention here that Malakand division is known as paradise for Archaeologist.This region was one of the most famous centers of Gandhara civilization, a sacred place for pilgrimage. The earliest roots of the Archaeological history of Malakand division go back to about 3000 B.C. which were testified by the excavation of numerous burials of Aryans at Timargara and other places dating from 18th to 6th century B.C. The Aryans were followed by the Achaemenians, who were defeated by Alexander the Great in 327 B.C. During his invasion, he faced difficulties in subjugating the local people. The Greek historians have paid great tributes to the local inhabitant, particularly, the army and the queen of Massaga (Dir Lower). At the fall of Massaga Alexander dispatched one of his generals to Bazira (Swat) and three to another city, Ora,(Swat) instructing them to draw a rampart round it presented tremendous resistance against Alexander the Great.
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